In the language of chemistry, vitamin C is called ascorbic acid. It is an acidic organic compound and white granular substance. Which is found more in vegetables and pickled fruits. It is an essential nutrient for a variety of animals and plants, including humans.
‘Vitamin-C’ basically means more than one of its vitamins. Which act like vitamin C in the bodies of animals and plants. These vitamins contain ascorbic acid as well as its various salts and some oxidized compounds like dehydroascorbic acid.
Vitamin C was discovered in 1912. This is the first vitamin that was chemically prepared. There is a long history behind the discovery of the vitamin.
One person whose name is closely involved in this discovery is Albert Gent Giorgi. In 1938, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Walter Norman Howrath for his discovery in chemistry.
The importance of vitamin C in boosting the body’s immunity is immense. Especially during this epidemic of coronavirus, a pair of vitamin C to increase immunity. It also fights bacterial infections.
Vitamin C is also very beneficial for bones and teeth. It also directly participates in the formation of skin tissues. There is no substitute for this vitamin to heal any wound too quickly. It also protects against harmful free radicals as an anti-oxidant. Vitamin C promotes good dental and gum health.
Putting vitamin C-rich fruits and vegetables on your daily diet can easily meet your daily needs. Vitamin C is water-soluble, so it is not stored in the body. If you take too much of this vitamin, it is excreted in the urine.
So it is necessary to take a certain amount of vitamin C every day. For example, in the case of children 30-35 mg, in the case of adults 45 mg, in the case of pregnant women 55 mg, and in the case of pregnant mothers 60 mg of vitamin C should be taken daily with a daily diet.
However, in the case of smokers, it is important to take more of this vitamin. Because when you smoke, the body is constantly depleted of vitamin C. Eating fruits and vegetables raw helps the body absorb enough vitamin C. In addition, various vegetables also contain a lot of vitamin C.
However, as a result of cooking for a long time, any vegetable loses its nutritional value. Excess heat breaks down the chemical structure of vitamins. Therefore, to make up for the deficiency of vitamin C, vegetables should be eaten as raw as possible.
If this is not possible, you should refrain from cooking vegetables at high temperatures for a long time. To do this, cook as quickly as possible in a covered container using as little water as possible. It is best to steam or cook in a pressure cooker to retain the maximum amount of vitamin C in the food.
Foods rich in vitamins
Fruits like Amalki, Guava, Karamcha, Grapefruit, Mango, Paper Lemon, Ripe Papaya, Blackberry, Malta, Plum, Lemon, Ripe Mango, Orange, Olive, Ata, Ripe Palm, Pineapple, Litchi, Vedana, Bangi, Jamrul, etc.
In addition, sajane leaves, coriander leaves, carrot leaves, curry leaves, spinach, black spinach, mustard, barbiturates, green spinach, helenchashak, red spinach, sweet pumpkin, spinach, spinach also contain vitamin C.
As well as green chillies, uchche, karalla, raw mango, cauliflower, sajne, raw tomato, rice pumpkin, ripe tomato, raw banana, raw papaya, dried chillies, mint leaves, thankuni leaves, etc., vegetables are also rich in vitamin C.
What is the lack of vitamin C?
Lack of it can lead to diseases like scurvy. Early symptoms of scurvy include nausea, tiredness, fatigue, and drowsiness. After one to three months, the patient may experience osteoporosis and shortness of breath. There may also be a pain in the muscles due to decreased carnitine production.
Other symptoms of scurvy include rough skin, sores and red spots on the skin, bleeding gums, loose teeth, loss of iron in the body, anemia, impaired immunity, and delay in wound healing. Dizziness, irritability and irritable mood, dry eyes and mouth, etc.
In the last stage jaundice, swelling of the whole body, decrease in the amount of urine, neuropathy, fever, convulsions, and even death can occur. Centuries ago, sailors on ships suffered from a variety of symptoms, including sores on the face, bleeding from the skin, and slow healing of wounds. This resulted in many deaths.
In the history of medieval European crusades, sailors suffered from this disease and the death rate was high. There is evidence that about 2 million sailors contracted the disease between Columbus’ Atlantic voyage and the origin of the steam engine. World-famous tourists Vasco-da-Gama, Magallan, George Anson, and others were not spared from the disease.
In addition, taking extra vitamin C may cause diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, heartburn, excessive pain in the lower abdomen, headache, insomnia, etc.
Therefore, any other supplement including vitamin C should not be taken without the advice of a doctor. So consult a doctor or nutritionist at this time of the Corona epidemic and protect yourself and your family by taking vitamin C-rich foods if necessary.